Green Hairstreak

Green Hairstreak
Callophrys rubi

Wingspan 27-34mm

 

Description
This small butterfly always rests with its wings closed and as a result you never see the brown upperwings. The underwings are an iridescent green with a trail of small white marks. The flight is fast and the butterfly is easily lost to view when flying over green vegetation.

Your photographs

Flight Period
Late April to early July

Larval Food plants
Rockrose (Helianthemum nummularium)
Bird's-foot Trefoil (Lotus corniculatis)
Gorse (Ulex europeaus)
Broom (Cytisus scoparius)
Dyer's Greenweed (Genista tinctoria).
Cowberry (Vaccinium vitis-idaea)
Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus)
Cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus)

Habitat
Calcareous Grassland
Heathland
Moorland (Scotland)

Wiltshire Sites
Pewsey Down
West Yatton Down
Boscombe Down
Cotley Hill

Status
Resident: Frequent & Very Local

Earliest Sightings
Earliest county record 1st April 2012

 

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 1st April Cotley Hill, Heytesbury Frank & Christine Crosier
2011 8th April West Yatton Down Hugo Brooke, Maurice Avent
2010 17th April Pewsey Down Wayne Clinch
2009 16th April Cotley Hill, Heytesbury Nick Wynn
2008 26th April Sidbury Hill Mervyn Grist, Mike Wildish
2007 14th April 4 Sites  

Latest county record
3rd september 2010 Porton Down (Stuart Corbett)

Brown Hairstreak

 

Brown Hairstreak

(Thecla betulae)

 

 

 

 

Wingspan  Female 39 - 45mm   Male 37 - 41mm

Description
This elusive small butterfly is the largest of the british hairstreaks. The female upperwings are a deep warm brown and her upper forewings sport large orange flashes, these flashes are absent in the male.The undeside of both sexes is orange with white streaks.

Your photographs

Flight Period
Late July - Late September

Larval food plant
Blackthorn (Prunus spinosa)

Habitat
Woodland edge,  Blackthorn hedgerows

Status
Resident, Scarce and restricted, mainly North Wiltshire


Earliest Wiltshire Sightings
Earliest county record: 19th July 2011 North Wiltshire (Matthew Oates)
 
Early sightings
2013      
2012 3rd August Near Ravensroost Wood Matthew Oates
2011 19th July Near Minety Matthew Oates
2010 23rd July North Wilts WWT Reserve Stuart Gough
2009 2nd August North Wilts Wood Matthew Oates
2008 27th July North Wilts Wood Matthew Oates
2007 27th July North Wilts Wood Wayne Clinch
 
Latest county record
15th October 1989
 
Purple Hairstreak

Purple Hairstreak

(Neozephrus quercus)

 

 

 


 

 

Wingspan
Male 33 -40mm
Female 31 - 38mm

Description
Our largest hairstreak and one of the most abundant, however can be elusive as it spends most of its time in the canopy of oaks. At a distance the butterfly looks either grey if the butterfly is resting with wings closed (underwings) or dark if basking and you see the upperwings. these fast flying butterflies look silvery against the canopy.

Your photographs

Flight Period
Late June to mid September

Larval Food plants
Pedunculate Oak (Quercus robur)
Sessile Oak (Quercus petrae)
Turkey Oak (Quercus cerris)
Evergreen Oak (Quercus ilex)

Habitat
Oak Woodland, Parks and hedgerows with Oak

Status
Resident , widespread and locally common


Earliest Wiltshire Sightings
Earliest county record: 13th June 2011 Bentley Wood (David Lambert)

 
Early Sightings
2013      
2012 30th June Bentley Wood Car Park Notebook (no name given)
2011 13th June Bentley Wood David Lambert
2010 22nd June Grovely Wood Steve Button
2009 23th June Picket Wood Steve Button
2008 21st June Red Lodge Wood Tricia Portch
2007 17th June Green Lane Wood Roger Beckett
 
Latest county record
25th September 1958
White-letter Hairstreak

 

White-letter Hairstreak

Satyrium w-album

 

 

 

Wingspan
25 - 35mm

Description
Named after the thin white line resembling a "w" which is visible on the underside of the hindwing. This is the smallest hairstreak and can be the most elusive. The butterfly always feeds and rests with its wings closed. The bottom edge of the hindwings are orange, lined with black that extends to the tail.

Your photographs

Flight Period   Late June - mid August

Larval food plants
English Elm (Ulmus procera)
Small-leaved Elm (Ulmus minor)
Wych Elm (Ulmus glabra)

Habitat
Woodland edges, rides and roadside verges where the foodplant is present.

Status
Resident: Scarce, very local but widespread

Earliest Wiltshire Sightings
Earliest county record 14th June 2011  Bentley Wood (David Lambert)

Early Sightings
2013      
2012 5th July Bentley Wood David Lambert
2011 14th June Bentley Wood David Lambert
2010 22nd June Grovely Wood Steve Button
2009 26th June Bentley Wood Via David Lambert
2008 5th July Prickmoor Wood Bruce Maxfield
2007 17th June Bentley Wood Via David Lambert
 
Latest county record
31st August 1986